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14th World Congress on Advances in Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine, will be organized around the theme “Current Therapies and Future Directions”
Regenerative Medicine 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Regenerative Medicine 2020
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Cell therapy and tissue engineering, which involve collecting cells from either the patient or a donor and introducing them into injured tissues or organs, sometimes after modifying their properties, offer promising solutions for regenerative medicine. Indeed, so promising are these therapies that current research has shifted from organ growth to cell therapy. The range of therapeutic applications is wide, including cardiac insufficiency, atherosclerosis, cartilage defects, bone repair, burns, diabetes and liver or bladder regeneration.
The objective of cell therapy is to restore the lost function rather than produce a new organ, which could cause duplicity and undesirable effects. Several resources of cells can be used to restore the damaged tissue, such as resident stem cells, multipotent adult progenitor cells or embryonic stem cells.
Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering, and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. Tissue engineering involves the use of a tissue scaffold for the formation of new viable tissue for a medical purpose.
Stem Cells Applications in Regenerative Medicine and Disease Therapeutics. Regenerative medicine, the most recent and emerging branch of medical science, deals with functional restoration of tissues or organs for the patient suffering from severe injuries or chronic disease.
Regeneration means the regrowth of a damaged or missing organ part from the remaining tissue. As adults, humans can regenerate some organs, such as the liver. If part of the liver is lost by disease or injury, the liver grows back to its original size, though not its original shape.
Embryonic stem cells are stem cells derived from the undifferentiated inner mass cells of a human embryo. Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent, that means they are able to grow into all derivatives of the three primary germ layers: ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm.
Nanotechnology is a powerful strategy in tissue regeneration for recreating the nanoscale features of tissues that can direct cellular adhesion, migration, and differentiation.
A stem cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialised cell types in the body. In the future they may be used to replace cells and tissues that have been damaged or lost due to disease.
Improved health care has resulted in an increased life span for the general population and, when coupled with a growing shortage of donor organs, makes it clear that organ assistance and substitution devices will play a larger role in managing patients with end-stage disease by providing a bridge to recovery or transplantation. In the U.S. alone, the annual need for organ replacement therapies increases by about 10 percent each year. The good news is that the field of medical device and artificial organ development is redefining what is believed to be possible for augmenting or replacing organ function.
After many years of basic research, regenerative medicine is now beginning to represent a valuable tool to cure several clinical conditions in both acute injuries and chronic diseases. The aim of this study is to update current clinical applications of some selected organs and pathologies which may benefit from regenerative medicine.
Stem cell transplants are procedures that restore blood-forming stem cells in people who have had theirs destroyed by the very high doses of chemotherapy or radiation therapy that are used to treat certain cancers. Blood-forming stem cells are important because they grow into different types of blood cells.
Biomaterials and Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine explores a range of applications for biomaterials and stem cell therapy and describes recent research on suitable cell scaffolds and substrates for tissue repair and reconstruction.
The ability to build patient specific implants incorporated with bioactive drugs, cells, and proteins has made 3D printing technology revolutionary in medical and pharmaceutical fields. A vast variety of biomaterials are currently being used in medical 3D printing, including metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites. With continuous research and progress in biomaterials used in 3D printing, there has been a rapid growth in applications of 3D printing in manufacturing customized implants, prostheses, drug delivery devices, and 3D scaffolds for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.
Scientists may be one step closer to a breakthrough that uses stem cells to replace damaged skull and facial bones in patients who experience a head trauma or undergo cancer surgery requiring repair and reconstructive surgery. Their finding shows that stem cells involved in skull formation are contained within this cell population. These cells are specific to the bones in the head and are very different from other stem cells involved in the formation of the bones in the legs and other parts of the body. Tests to uncover these cells could also help physicians detect bone diseases caused by stem cell abnormalities, according to the researchers.
A variety of stem cells with different origins and differentiation potency are expected to cure numerous degenerative diseases, chronic diseases and acute tissue injuries. Recent advances in stem cell biology and stem cell engineering provide new avenue for pluripotent stem cells, including embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and directly converted stem-like cells, which are essential resources for disease modeling, drug screening, and cell therapeutics for regenerative medicine.
Anti-aging medicines are unique because they use a patient's own stem cells and can be transplanted where they are needed. Treatments replenish the body with a fresh supply of concentrated stem cells to allow the repair and rejuvenation process in all organs, including skin.